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Article written by George Martin on Monday, 29 June 2009 in the newspaper The Militant The coup in Honduras underlines once again that even timid reforms within the capitalist system can not be tolerated by Latin American local oligarchs and their imperialist masters. But Venezuela teaches that if the masses can be mobilized to stop the reaction. It is time to mobilize the full force of the workers and poor of Honduras. Early on the morning of Sunday 28 June, a group of 200 soldiers surrounded the residence of the Honduran president Manuel Zelaya, after 20 minutes of shooting with 10 of his bodyguards was arrested. Was flown to neighboring Costa Rica where he gave a press conference denouncing the military coup of “right-wing oligarchs”, asking the population to mobilize in the streets and vowing to return to the country. The immediate origin of this reactionary military coup was the confrontation by Zelaya plans to convene a referendum on the need for a constituent assembly, which was opposed to the right that dominates parliament, the army high command and the dome of judiciary. Zelaya, popularly known as Mel, won presidential elections in 2005 as candidate of the Liberal Party of Honduras, narrowly defeating his main opponent of the National Party. Despite being a wealthy landowner, political polarization in this small and poor Central American country forced him to take some measures for the poor, peasants and workers, taking as model the “Bolivarism. He soon lost the support of his own center-right Liberal Party and had to ally itself with organizations of workers and peasants. In an interview published by Spanish newspaper El Pais, describes his political evolution, “Look, I thought to make changes from within the neoliberal model. But the rich do not give a penny. The rich do not give up anything for their money. All I want for them. So, logically, to make changes we need to incorporate the people. ” Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America, with more than 50 percent of the population living below the poverty line and an illiteracy rate exceeding 20 percent. More than a million of its 7.8 million inhabitants have had to emigrate to the U.S. in search of employment. Under these conditions, even the most moderate and reasonable measures for the majority of the population are faced with a brutal opposition by the ruling class, the capitalists, landlords, owners of the media and the local oligarchy. Among the measures taken by his government several progressive reforms, including a national literacy campaign that follows the examples of Cuba and Venezuela, an attempt to improve sanitation for the poorest sectors of society (including access to cheaper medicines, scholarships for medical students in Cuba), reduction in rates of interest to small farmers and a significant increase in the minimum wage, 60 percent. He also proceeded to cut some of the more outrageous privileges of the ruling class Honduran oligarch.